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Chatbot is not a human

Chatbot is not a human

06 Marzo 2023 Redazione SoloTablet
Redazione SoloTablet
Dal rilascio della ChatGPT di OpenAi la rete si è riempita di articoli e post sulle sue funzionalità e potenizlalità. Molti di essi sono stati scritti in modo celebrativo ed entusiasta per la capacità raggiunta dalle macchine e dall'intelligenza artificiale nell'uso del linguaggio naturale. Queste narrazioni hanno prestato poca attenzione al fatto che la macchina sarà anche in grado di acquisire un linguaggio e di usarlo sintatticamente in modo perfetto ma lo farà sempre non intenzionalmente e senza averne coscienza, senza assegnare alcun significato al testo che produce e senza nemmeno comprenderne gli eventuali fini.
Qui segnaliamo un ottimo articolo che forse può servire a chi ne avesse suciosità e bisogno di comprendere meglio il fenomeno ChatGPT demistificandone molte narrazioni correnti.

L'articolo è stato pubblicato su Intelligencer e scritto da .



You Are Not a Parrot 

And a chatbot is not a human. And a linguist named Emily M. Bender is very worried what will happen when we forget this.


obody likes an I-told-you-so. But before Microsoft’s Bing started cranking out creepy love letters; before Meta’s Galactica spewed racist rants; before ChatGPT began writing such perfectly decent college essays that some professors said, “Screw it, I’ll just stop grading”; and before tech reporters sprinted to claw back claims that AI was the future of search, maybe the future of everything else, too, Emily M. Bender co-wrote the octopus paper.

Bender is a computational linguist at the University of Washington. She published the paper in 2020 with fellow computational linguist Alexander Koller. The goal was to illustrate what large language models, or LLMs — the technology behind chatbots like ChatGPT — can and cannot do. The setup is this:

Say that A and B, both fluent speakers of English, are independently stranded on two uninhabited islands. They soon discover that previous visitors to these islands have left behind telegraphs and that they can communicate with each other via an underwater cable. A and B start happily typing messages to each other.

Meanwhile, O, a hyperintelligent deep-sea octopus who is unable to visit or observe the two islands, discovers a way to tap into the underwater cable and listen in on A and B’s conversations. O knows nothing about English initially but is very good at detecting statistical patterns. Over time, O learns to predict with great accuracy how B will respond to each of A’s utterances.

Soon, the octopus enters the conversation and starts impersonating B and replying to A. This ruse works for a while, and A believes that O communicates as both she and B do — with meaning and intent. Then one day A calls out: “I’m being attacked by an angry bear. Help me figure out how to defend myself. I’ve got some sticks.” The octopus, impersonating B, fails to help. How could it succeed? The octopus has no referents, no idea what bears or sticks are. No way to give relevant instructions, like to go grab some coconuts and rope and build a catapult. A is in trouble and feels duped. The octopus is exposed as a fraud.

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